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Batariyada Microtex ee qalabka macdanta dhulka hoostiisa ku shaqeeya

In blog this, waxaan ku baari shuruudaha shaqada dhulka hoostiisa aadka u adag ee baytariyada for qalabka macdanta dhulka hoostiisa ku shaqeeya baytari. In kasta oo shuruudaha badbaadadu ay yihiin kuwa la fahmi karo diiradda ugu weyn ee naqshadaynta baytariyada isticmaalka dhulka hoostiisa, waa in aynaan iloobin muhiimada waxqabadka iyo dhibaatooyinka la taaban karo ee dayactirka iyo ku dallaca baytariyada deegaankan. Caqabadaha uu keenay codsigani aad ayay u badan yihiin cawaaqib xumada ka imanaysa helista xitaa qayb yar oo ka mid ah naqshadaynta ama samaynta khaladku waxay u horseedi kartaa cawaaqib xumo.

Bey’adda shaqada ee baytariyada goobta macdanta
Sida dadka intiisa badani ka warqabaan, deegaanka shaqada ee miinadu waa mid aan wanaagsanayn oo khatar ah sida kuwa meerahan. Tani waxay run u tahay qalabka iyo shaqaalaha dadaalka badan ee na siiya macdanta iyo macdanta lagama maarmaanka u ah adduunkeena casriga ah. Sida ay u qaadanayso xulashada taxadarka leh ee shaqaalaha, diyaarin heer sare ah iyo qalab ilaalin ah ka hor inta aan loo oggolaan shaqaalaha inuu galo miinada, waxay sidoo kale qaadataa hab taxaddar leh oo isku mid ah xulashada, diyaarinta iyo ilaalinta qalabka korontada ku shaqeeya ee lagama maarmaanka u ah hababka macdanta casriga ah.

Bey’ada shaqada ee miinadu way kala duwan yihiin iyadoo ku xidhan meesha ay ku yaalaan iyo walxaha la soo saaray. Miinada dhuxusha dhulka hoostiisa ah, tusaale ahaan, waxay diiradda saari doontaa dhimista dabka iyo ka hortagga gaaska methane ama cudurada sambabada sida silicosis, halka miinada chalcopyrite ee furan ay yeelan doonto tixgalin kala duwan. Ujeeddooyinkeena, waxaan eegeynaa miinooyinka dhulka hoostiisa guud ahaan kuwaas oo u baahan qalab koronto ku shaqeeya, oo u badan kuwa macdanta qodaya. Khatarta ay leedahay haysashada raadadka tooska ah awgeed, qalabka waxa si joogto ah ugu shaqeeya baytariyada jiidaya. Si kastaba ha ahaatee, bay’ada adagi waxay ka dhigan tahay in nooca baytariga iyo dhismihiisa ay muhiimad gaar ah u leeyihiin hawlgalka badbaadada leh ee qalabka korontada dhulka hoostiisa.

Batari Microtex ku shaqeeya qalabka macdanta dhulka hoostiisa

Waxaa jira dhowr astaamood oo muhiim ah oo loogu talagalay baytariyada dhulka hoostiisa mara ee qodista macdanta kuwaas oo ay farayaan deegaanka shaqada. Aagagga dhibka leh ee baytariyada goobta macdanta iyo xalalka ay bixiso Microtex ee baaxadda batteriga macdanta ayaa ku taxan hoos:

Microtex battery powered underground mining equipment Limitless
Microtex battery powered underground mining equipment 1

Kalsoonida - qalabka macdanta dhulka hoostiisa ku shaqeeya batari

1. Kalsoonida – waa inay jirtaa dammaanad buuxda oo ah in batarigu bixiyo waxqabadka la qiimeeyay laga bilaabo maalinta koowaad ee rakibidda. Shirkadaha macdanta ma awoodaan hal dhacdo oo ah inay la kulmi waayaan wax soo saarka maalinta shaqada ama ay qaataan fursad dhinac kasta oo badbaado ah. Taas awgeed, kontoroolka tayada ee heer kasta ee soo saarista batariyada macdanta qodista iyo hubinta badbaadada kama dambaysta ah ayaa muhiim ah. Microtex waxay si dhab ah u qaadataa mas’uuliyaddan waxayna hoos timaadaa aqoonsigooda ISO 9000, waxay hubiyeen in marxalad kasta oo wax soo saar ah iyo qayb kasta laga hubiyay qalabka korantada, kiimikaadka iyo jirka. Badeecada ugu dambeysa ee macdanta batteriga waxaa 100% lagu tijaabiyay waxqabadka iyo badbaadada labadaba.

Fududeynta rakibidda - qalabka macdanta dhulka hoostiisa ku shaqeeya ee batari ku shaqeeya

2. Fududeynta rakibidda – marka lagu rakibo baytari jiidashada dhulka hoostiisa, inta badan oo leh meel xaddidan, waa in ay jiraan xirfad iyo dadaal yar oo loo baahan yahay. Sababtan awgeed, Microtex waxay siisaa baytariga jiid-jiidka oo horay loogu soo ururiyey bagooyin dallad ah, si buuxda loo tijaabiyey oo ugu sarreeya diyaarna u ah inuu sameeyo beddel shaqo oo dhammaystiran. Indhaha kor u qaadida weelku waxay u taagan yihiin inay bixiyaan xasiloonida ugu badan marka kor loo qaado gudaha iyo dibadda qaybta batteriga.

Hawlgalka - qalabka macdanta dhulka hoostiisa ku shaqeeya batari

3. Hawlgalka – baytariyada meelaha macdanta laga qodo waa inay lahaadaan awood ku filan inta ay nool yihiin si ay ula tacaalaan shuruudaha hawlgalka iyo dayactirka waa inay ahaataa mid aad u yar. Intaa waxaa dheer, baytariyada jiid-jiidka ah waa inaysan kululaan. Kulaylku wuxuu keenaa biyo la’aan badan, nolol shaqo oo gaaban oo ka timaada daxalka xadhkaha goostay iyo koboca gaasta oo weyn oo kharash ah. Si loo hubiyo sifooyin shaqo oo wanaagsan, Microtex waxay isticmaashaa baytariyada jiidista kuwaas oo taargooyinkoodu leeyahay dhismo tuubo ah. Tani waa mabda’a naqshadeynta ee muhiimka ah sida faa’iidooyinka kale, waxay bixisaa cufnaanta tamarta ugu sarreysa dhammaan dhismayaasha baytariyada aashitada rasaasta.

Mining Locomotive Battery Fig 1
Jaantuska 1 Dhisida unug aashitada rasaasta ah ee 2V ee macdanta ledhka baytariyada meelaha laga baahan yahay
Mining Loco Battery Fig 2
Jaantuska 2 Astaamaha gudaha ee unugga baytariyada goobta macdanta

Samaynta baytariyada qalabka macdanta dhulka hoostiisa ku shaqeeya

Baterigaan jiidista tuubada ah ee kala duwan ee Microtex wuxuu leeyahay astaamo nashqad gaar ah oo awood u siinaya baytariyadan inay buuxiyaan ama dhaafaan shuruudaha waxqabadka. Meesha bilawga ah waa sheyga firfircoon ee taarikada kaas oo siinaya batteriga jiidashada awoodda iyo kartida si uu u gaaro waajibaadkiisa oo uu bixiyo nolol wareeg ah oo sarreeya. Isku dheelitirnaanta walxaha firfircoon ee unugyada Microtex waxaa loogu talagalay iyada oo lala kaashanayo Dr Rusch oo ah saynisyahan batari caan ah oo ka socda Jarmalka. Nidaamyada lagu gaarayo tan waxaa la dejiyay anigoo la kaashanaya naftayda. Dhibaatada kulaylka xad dhaafka ah waxaa la yareeyaa isticmaalka isku xirayaasha xiran ee leh aag isku xirnaanta dammaanadda leh iyo qaybaha naxaasta iyo naxaasta adag.

Qaab kale oo nakhshad gaar ah oo ka mid ah baytariga goobta macdan qodista waa daawaha rasaasta loo isticmaalo soo saarista xabagta togan ee tubbada ama laf dhabarta. Tani waxay leedahay uruurin aad u hooseeya ee antimony taasoo yaraynaysa horumarka hydrogen iyo ogsijiinta ee taarikada (gaaska) ee laga abuuray burburka biyaha ku jira elektrolytka marka lagu dallaco baytariyada goobta macdanta. Dayactirka sidoo kale waxaa lagu fududeeyaa isticmaalka tusiyaha heerka korantada kaas oo muujinaya iyada oo aan la qaadin tallaabooyin faragelin ah marka unugyadu u baahan yihiin inay kor u qaadaan.

Ku darida daasadaha, arsenic iyo selenium ee daawaha waxay bixiyaan caabbinta daxalka iyo xoogga gurguurta. Isku darka Alloyskan waxa uu leeyahay faa’iidooyinka ma aha oo kaliya in si ficil ah meesha looga saaro khatarta qaraxa sababtoo ah horumarinta hydrogen iyo dhimista tirada jeer ee batteriga goobta macdanta ah ayaa loo baahan yahay in la kordhiyo, laakiin sidoo kale waxay ka caawisaa ka hortagga koritaanka saxanka togan oo kordhiya nolosha batteriga.

Badbaadada - qalabka macdanta dhulka hoostiisa ee batari ku shaqeeya

4. Badbaadada – Dabka iyo qaraxyada ayaa ah labada welwel ee ugu weyn ee ku xiran qalabka korontada ee dhulka hoostiisa. Marka laga hadlayo qaraxyada, sababta ugu badan ee loo aaneeyo baytariyada waa tan gudeheeda marka batteriga macdan qodista uu dhammeeyo ama uu ku dhow yahay dhammaadka wareegga dallacaadda. Toosintu waxay ka dhici kartaa gudaha batariyada macdanta qodista haddii ay jiraan kalagoysyo daciif ah ama aan ku filnayn oo u dhexeeya qaybaha daawaha rasaasta, inta badan inta u dhaxaysa baska gudaha iyo taarikada. Dhinbiil halkan ka dhashay oo ay ugu wacan tahay shid ama bakhtiinta hadda, ama xitaa dhaqdhaqaaqa qulqulaya ee goobta, iyada oo lala xiriirinayo uruurinta hydrogen-ka sare ee dallacaadda, waxay keeni doontaa qarax.

Tani waa sababta hababka alxanka ee Microtex mining batariyada goobta isku xidhka batari la kormeero oo baarka baska iyo alxanka saxan ee unug kasta waa la kormeeraa ka hor inta aan loo gudbin heerka xiga. Waxa kale oo jira tijaabo bakhtiyaa nasiib ah oo la sameeyay wakhti kasta si loo tijaabiyo daacadnimada alxanka muhiimka ah
Marka laga reebo qaraxyada, dabku waa suurtogalnimada khatarta ugu weyn ee ka iman karta qalabka korontada ee dhulka hoostiisa ah oo ay ku jiraan baytariyada goobta macdanta. Waxaana jira siyaabo badan oo uu batariyada macdanta qodaya uu dab qabsan karo.

Waayo-aragnimada laga helay miinada dhuxusha ee UK, waxaynu ka warqabnaa in sababaha ugu badan ee macdan qodista dabka batariyada ay sabab u tahay shilalka ku lug leh qaybaha dibadda. Ku dhowaad dhammaan kuwan waxaa sabab u ah raadraaca korantada ama is-dabaynta u dhexeysa qaybaha birta ee bannaan ee batteriga goobta macdanta ama weelka. Daareeyaha raadraaca wuxuu noqon karaa aashitada dusha sare ama xitaa samaynta boodhka ama kaydka macdanta ee hawsha macdanta.

Culaysyada hadda jira ee sarreeya, marinnada unugga ee sida liidata u daboolan iyo birta bannaan ee weelka saaran, waxay, marka la hoos geeyo culeysyada hadda jira u horseedi doona la socodka daboolka unugga ee wasakhaysan aashitada ama samaynta boodhka macdanta. Sababtoo ah warbaahinta maamula waxay leedahay iska caabin sare waxay abuurtaa kuleyl kaas oo keeni kara gubasho iyo gubasho daboolka unugga ama xitaa dabka xaaladaha daran.

Naqshadeynta baytariyada macdanta ee Microtex waxay meesha ka saaraysaa khatarahaas oo leh astaamo nashqad gaar ah: adeegsiga agabka dab-dejinta (FR) ee daboolka gacanta, xidhidhiyeyaasha dahaarka leh ee aan lahayn bir qaawan iyo daahan polyester gaar ah oo loogu talagalay weelka birta kaas oo labadaba ah insulating iyo dabacsanaan ku filan si looga fogaado waxyeelo soo saari karta birta qaawan (Jaantus.1). Weelku waxa uu si gaar ah muhiim u yahay khatarta ka imanaysa dhulku haddii birta ay bannaanka soo dhigto oo la sameeyo dariiq hagaya meesha laga soo galo weelka.

Tani kaliya ma keenayso khatarta dabka waxay sidoo kale yaraynaysaa tamarta shaqaynaysa baytariyada macdanta, asal ahaan waxay siinaysaa tamar hoose oo sidaas darteed hoos u dhigista awoodda baytariyada goobta macdanta iyo nolosha adeegga.

Khatarta dabka ayaa sidoo kale ka jirta shidda gaasas guban kara oo la sii daayo inta lagu jiro dallacaadda. Hanjabaaddan waxa lagu yarayn karaa iyada oo la helo meelo si sax ah loo sii daayey oo loo qoondeeyey in lagu dallaco. Microtex waxay labadaba naqshadayn kartaa oo kala talin kartaa macaamilka hawsheeda saxda ah haddii loo baahdo, lacag la’aan. Intaa waxaa dheer, soo saarista gaasta inta lagu jiro dallacaadda waxaa la yareeyaa isticmaalka dabeylaha gaarka ah ee ay samaysay Microtex muddo tobanaan sano ah oo codsigan ah. Marka tan lagu daro xoogga sare ee gaaska gaaska hooseeya ee loo isticmaalo taarikada baytariga, waxay ku siinaysaa nidaamka ugu badbaadsan ee la heli karo tignoolajiyada acid-ashitada daadku.

Ikhtiyaarada cabbirka batteriga - batari Microtex ku shaqeeya qalabka macdanta dhulka hoostiisa

5. Ikhtiyaarada cabbirka batteriga – dhinac kale oo muhiim ah oo hubinta nolol dheer oo aan dhib lahayn waa in la rakibo batari macdan qodis ah oo sax ah. Ku habboonaanta awoodda wareegga hawlgalka ayaa fure u ah helitaanka qiimaha ugu fiican ee lacagta iyo TCO-ga ugu hooseeya. Cabirka baytariyada macdan qodista ee caadiga ah ee ay bixiso Microtex (Shaxda 1) waa mid dhamaystiran. Waxaa sidoo kale jira dabacsanaan loogu talagalay awoodda iyo ikhtiyaarrada qiimaha gudaha baytariyada caadiga ah sababtoo ah cabbirrada kala duwan ee ku dhex jira xajmiga batteriga 2v ee tuubada. Unugyada 2v waxaa lagu bixiyaa cabbirada DIN iyo BS oo leh qiime sare.

Ku kalsoonow in balooggani uu daboolay shuruudaha iyo qaybaha ugu muhiimsan ee baytariyada goobta macdanta laga qodo. Dhibaatooyinka ka iman kara haysashada batari si khaldan loo qaabeeyey iyo/ama la cayimay run ahaantii waxay noqon karaan kuwo ba’an. Tani waa sababta ay muhiim u tahay in la helo alaab-qeybiye lagu kalsoon yahay oo leh waayo-aragnimada, aqoonta iyo agabka la heli karo si uu kaaga caawiyo doorashadaada iyo shuruudaha adeegga ee batterigaaga goobta macdanta.

Kooxda Microtex waxay haysataa in ka badan 15 sano oo keenaya soosaarayaasha tamashlaha macdanta waligoodna ma joojin dhisida aqoontaas. Ha u qaadan jaanisyada badbaadada ama isku halaynta, batterigaaga xiga ee qodista macdanta, la xiriir kooxda Microtex si aad u hubiso inaad haysato badeecada ugu fiican ee suurtogalka ah iyo heerka ugu sarreeya ee adeegga batteriga xirfadeed ee laga heli karo warshadaha.

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