Comparison of Commercial Batteries

Comparison of battery chemistries

Comparison of battery chemistries

There are quite a few battery parameters & based on the different applications a battery is used for, certain parameters are more important than other parameters.

Comparison of battery chemistries

Parameter Lead Acid Battery Lithium Ion Battery Nickel Metal (NiMH)
Hydride Battery
Nickel Cadmium
Battery (Ni Cad)
Cell Voltage 2.1 V 3.2 - 4.7 V 1.2 V 1.2 V
Energy Density
Wh/Kg
25-45 120-180 60-120 45-80
Life Cycles 200 - 500 500 - 1000 300 - 500 1500
Operating Temperatures -20 ᴼC to 60 ᴼC -40ᴼC to 70ᴼC -20ᴼC to 60ᴼC -40ᴼC to 60ᴼC
High Current Discharge Good Excellent Good Poor
Capacity at Different Rates Ah** Capacity decreases with increasing discharge current Ah Capacity is almost constant at all discharge rates Ah Capacity is almost constant at all discharge rates Ah Capacity decreases with increasing discharge current
Comparison of battery chemistries

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